Eczema Types – Charlotte Dermatologist

Charlotte Dermatologist Dr Deborah Nixon

By Deborah Nixon, MD

Charlotte, North Carolina 28277

Physician (MD, DO), Dermatology


Eczema is a term used to describe a group of inflamed skin conditions that result in chronic, relapsing and very itchy rashes. Eczema types can can be described as follows:

  • Atopic dermatitis is partially inherited and environmental. Infantile atopic dermatitis occurs from two months to two years of age. The scalp (cradle cap), cheeks, neck, forehead, wrists and extremities, buttocks and diaper area are often involved. Allergies to egg, peanut, milk, wheat, fish, soy and chicken may be causative. Children usually outgrow this allergy. Avoid wool clothing as this may irritate the skin.
  • Childhood atopic dermatitis occurs in children from 2 to 10 years of age. Sites of involvement include the elbow, knee bend, wrists, eyelids, face and neck. Itching is prominent. Scratching causes thickening of the skin and an increased likelihood of infection. Children are less sensitive to foods but more sensitive to feather-containing objects, cat or dog hair, lacquer paint, nickel, neomycin and ragweed resin.
  • Adolescent and adult atopic dermatitis is defined as being present after age 10. The dermatitis varies as localized scaly lesions to more generalized involvement involving the elbow and knee bends, neck, forehead, behind the ears, wrists and hands. Itching is present. Triggers for the rash include dry skin, rough clothing, wool irritation, foods (rarely) or tension.

We offer an excellent moisturizing creams (DSC and EltaMD) to help restore and maintain skin hydration. This is important to control eczema of all types.