Even though rosacea afflicts an estimated 16 million people in the U.S., many individuals are unaware that they have it. Signs and symptoms of rosacea include the following:
- A tendency to blush or flush easily
- Persistent redness in the center of the face
- Small visible blood vessels (telangiectasia)
- Bumps and pus-filled pimples on the face
- Burning or stinging sensation on the face. The skin also may itch or feel tight
- Dry skin on the face
- Swelling on the central face
- Eye problems, such as burning, itching, or watery eyes; swollen eyelids
- Thickening skin on the nose, cheeks, and/or forehead
There are four subtypes of rosacea. People with rosacea have more than one rosacea subtype at the same time. Ocular rosacea may occur alone, with no changes to the skin.
- Subtype 1: Facial Redness (erythematotelangiectatic rosacea). Flushing and persistent redness. Visible blood vessels may also appear.
- Subtype 2: Bumps and Pimples (papulopustular rosacea). Persistent facial redness with bumps or pimples.
- Subtype 3: Skin Thickening (phymatous rosacea). Skin thickening and enlargement, usually around the nose.
- Subtype 4: Eye Irritation (ocular rosacea). Watery or bloodshot appearance, irritation, burning or stinging.
Image courtesy of the National Rosacea Society.